Bochum

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Revision as of 07:00, 5 May 2019 by Knorrepoes (talk | contribs) (Origin/meaning)

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BOCHUM

State : Nordrhein-Westfalen
Urban District (Stadtkreis) : Bochum
Additions : 1904 Grumme, Hamme, Hofstede, Wiemelhausen; 1926 Altenbochum, Bergen, Hordel, Riemke, Weitmar; 1929 Gerthe, Harpen, Hiltrop, Laer, Langendreer, Linden-Dahlhausen, Querenburg, Stiepel, Werne; 1975 Wattenscheid (1926 Eppendorf, Günnigfeld, Höntrop, Munscheid, Sevinghausen, Westenfeld, Westfälisch Leithe)

Wappen von Bochum

Official blazon

(de)

Origin/meaning

The arms of Bochum were granted on April 12, 1913 and again in 1975 after the merger with Wattenscheid. The arms combine the old arms of Bochum with a chequered bar, taken from the arms of Wattenscheid.

The arms of the city of Bochum historically show a canting book (Buch=book), although the name may not be derived from the word Buch. Bochum got city rights in 1321 and the oldest seal probably dates from the same time. The oldest existing seal dates from 1381 and already shows the book. All other seals of the city have shown a book, such as the seal shown below.

Wappen von Bochum

Seal from 1426 (Meijer, 1940)

The colours from 1913 were historical colours, but are not heraldically correct, as it is not accepted to have a coloured object (here black) on a coloured field (here blue); at least one of these should be of a metal colour (silver, gold). Both the State Archives as the famous heraldic artist Otto Hupp tried to change the colours, but the city finally got the historical arms approved.

The arms were granted in 1913 with a mural crown, which was used until the Second World War.

Siegel von Bochum

The municipal stamp shown in 1892
Wappen von Bochum

The arms as shown around 1900
Seal of Bochum

Seal from around 1900
Seal of Bochum

Seal from around 1900
Wappen von Bochum

The arms in the Wappen-Sammlung (+/- 1910)
Arms (crest) of Bochum

The arms in the Continentale Verlags-Anstalt album, +/- 1910
Wappen von Bochum

The arms with the mural crown from 1913 (Rühl, 1940)
Wappen von Bochum

The arms by Hupp in the Kaffee Hag albums +/- 1925
Arms (crest) of Bochum

The arms in the Abadie albums
Wappen von Bochum

The arms on a 1960s matchox label
Wappen von Bochum

The arms as shown by Stadler (1960s)


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Literature : Stadler, 1964-1971; Meijer, 1940; Rühl, 1940; Deutsche Städtewappen (+/-1900); Kaffee Hag albums (1920s)