Erfurt

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  • Total pages in the German section : 19,350

ERFURT

State : Thüringen
Urban District (Kreisfreie Stadt) : Erfurt
Additions : 1911 Ilversgehofen; 1938 Hochheim, Melchendorf; 1950 Bindersleben, Bischleben-Stedten, Dittelstedt. Gispersleben, Marbach, Möbisburg, Rhoda, Schmira; 1994 Alach, Azmannsdorf, Büßleben, Egstedt, Ermstedt, Frienstedt, Gottstedt, Hochstedt, Kerspleben, Kühnhausen, Linderbach, Mittelhausen, Molsdorf, Niedernissa, Rohda, Salomonsborn, Schaderode, Schwerborn, Stotternheim, Tiefthal, Töttelstädt, Töttleben, Urbich, Vieselbach, Wallichen, Waltersleben, Windischholzhausen

Wappen von Erfurt

Official blazon

(de) In Rot ein sechsspeiehiges silbernes Rad.

Origin/meaning

The arms of the city of Erfurt show a silver wheel in red; these are the arms of the State of Mainz to which the city historically belonged until 1802.
The wheel appeared for the first time as symbol of the city since the early 15th century. The oldest images showed a wheel with eight spokes, but already in medieval times it was changed to the six spokes that are still used.

The oldest seal of the city dates from the late 12th century and shows St. Martin, the patron saint of the archdiocese of Mainz in a gate. Several later seals all showed the saint in different positions. Only in a small seal from 1646 the wheel appeared for the first time. Only from the middle of the 17th century the main seals of the city showed the arms with the wheel.

When the city became part of Prussia in 1804 a new seal was made, showing the arms with the wheel. The shield was held by two savages (one male, one female) and above the shield was a helmet and as a crest a wheel with peacock feathers. A second seal with a similar design was made in 1843.

The savages wer no longer used in the late 19th century and occasionally in the early 20th century the helmet and crest were used. After 1918 the arms were no longer shown with the helmet and crest either.

Wappen von Erfurt

The arms in a manuscript +/- 1530
Arms of Erfurt

The arms on a 1617 coin
Arms of Erfurt

The arms on a 1801 coin
Wappen von Erfurt

Some images of the arms of Erfurt from the first half of the 20th century
Wappen von Erfurt

Siegel von Erfurt

A municipal stamp shown in 1892
Siegel von Erfurt

A municipal stamp shown in 1892
Siegel von Erfurt

Seals from around 1900
Siegel von Erfurt

Wappen von Erfurt

The arms in the Continentale Verlags-Anstalt album, +/- 1910
Wappen von Erfurt

The arms in the Abadie albums
Wappen von Erfurt

The arms in the Kaffee Hag albums +/- 1925}
Wappen von Erfurt

A stamp of the DDR from 1983


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Literature : Ulle, 1997 Thuringe.jpg