National Arms of Mozambique
NATIONAL ARMS OF MOZAMBIQUE
The national emblem of Mozambique was adopted in 1975 and again in 1990. The difference is the removal of the word 'Popular' in the official name of the country.
The emblem shows a gear wheel, bordered by corn stalks and sugarcane. In the middle there is a red sun over a map of Mozambique in green, and blue waves, an AK-47 gun crossed with a hoe, and a book. The wreath is tied with a ribbon bearing the name of the country.
In June 1932 the first arms for the Portuguese colony of Mozambique were designed and proposed to the Ministry of Colonies. The arms follow a centralised pattern with a bordure with the castle of Portugal and a cross as used by the Portuguese discoverers. For each province a separate symbol was used as the main charge. For Mozambique a globe was chosen. The reason thereof is not known. These arms were, as far as I know, never officially adopted and replaced in 1935. A similar design was used with the globe, see below. Although these arms were officially used, I have no idea whether they were actually granted.
The proposal from 1932
The arms from the early 1930s
On May 8, 1935 the then Portuguese colony received its first official arms, based on the same structure as all Portuguese colonies. The upper right half and the bottom are identical for all colonies and show the 5 shields of the Portuguese National arms and the waves for the 'overseas' colonies. The upper left half differs between the colonies and for Mozambique seven bound arrows.
When in 1951 the colony was transformed into a province, the text on the banner was changed. The arms were abandoned at the independence in 1975.
The arms from 1935
The arms from 1951
The symbol for Mozambique
The arms from 1975
Coin from 1936 with the colonial arms from before 1935
Coin with the present arms
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© since 1995, Heraldry of the World, Ralf Hartemink
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