|Heraldry of the World |
Wappen der Welt
Civic heraldry of Germany
State : Rheinland-Pfalz
Urban District (Kreisfreie Stadt) : Mainz
Additions : 1907 Mombach; 1908 Kastel (until 1945), Amöneburg (until 1945); 1913 Kostheim (until 1945); 1930 Bischofsheim (until 1945) Bretzenheim, Ginsheim-Gustavsburg (until 1945), Weisenau; 1938 Gonsenheim; 1969 Drais, Ebersheim, Finthen, Hechtsheim, Laubenheim, Marienborn
Mainz became a bishopric in 550 and an archbishopric around 800. The archbishops of Mainz also played a major role in the appointment of the new emperor. The bishops owned large possessions in the present states of Rheinland-Pfalz, Hessen and Bayern. The city was also the capital of the State of Mainz, which existed until 1803.
The oldest seals of the city show the patron saint, St. Martin, first sitting on a throne, later as the more common picture, as a knight cutting his cloak to give a piece to a beggar. Most later seals still showed the patron saint, but later the arms are shown in the seals.
The arms with the two wheels combined with a cross, appear at the end of the 13th century in the seal of Bishop Sigfried III. The city started to use the two wheels about 50 years later. Originally the two wheels were placed vertically, but were later placed diagonally. The origin of the wheels is not known, they are probably derived from the arms of the State of Mainz, but it may just as well the other way round. The colours were changed by Napoleon, who added the three bees of a city of the first rank in a head. As this head had to be red, the colours of the shield had to be changed. In 1811 the bees were removed, but the colours were not restored. Only in 1915 the old colours were restored.
The arms of Mainz in 1440, the Napoleonic arms and the arms from 1811.
The arms in a 16th century manuscript
Seal from around 1900
The arms of Mainz on local emergency money
The arms by Hupp in the Kaffee Hag albums +/- 1925
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Literature : Stadler, K. : Deutsche Wappen - Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Angelsachsen Verlag, 1964-1971, 8 volumes; Neubecker, O. : Heraldiek, bronnen, symbolen en betekenis, Atrium Alphen aan den Rijn, 1988.