Turmac

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Turmac - arms and flags


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Company

These silks were issued by the Turmac cigarette company. Turmac was founded in 1920 in Zevenaar, the Netherlands as a specialist in TURkisch-MACedonian tobacco, hence the name. A few years later the company moved to Amsterdam. They stared to produce albums with paper trade cards in 1928, showing movie stars. In 1928 followed by an album with flags of countries participating in the Amsterdam Olympics.
In 1929 they started the production of silks for the album 'Alle landen vereenigd' (All countries united), showing 166 arms and flags of the countries of the world. These did not show the name of the country though. In 1933 a new enlarged album number 2 with 249 silks was issued, with the name of the country on the silk. In 1933 a third album 'Door steden en dorpen' (Through cities and villages) was issued with the arms of Dutch towns and villages, as well as some historical arms. This album was never finished, due to prohibition of tobacco advertising.

In the meantime the company also issued more albums with paper cards. None of these were heraldic. After the Second World War the company issued one more flag album under the Vaandrig brand, but no heraldry albums.

Albums 1 and 2

  • Series name : Arms and flags of countries
  • Date of issue : 1929-1933
  • Number of cards : 166+249
  • Image variants : plenty, the silks were issued in a number of colours. The first album had black silks only, but later series include multiple colours. All these can be found mixed up in both the first album (no country names) ans in the second album.

Silks issued

As there have been many different variations, the silks are listed here on country name, both arms and flag as well as colour variations. I have no idea whether all arms and/or flags have been issued in all combinations.


Afghanistan

Albania

Andorra

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Bolivia

Brasil

Bulgaria

Burma

Canada

Chile

China

Colombia

Congo State

Costa Rica

Crete

Cuba

Czechoslovakia

Danzig

Denmark

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Estonia

Ethiopia (Abessinië)

Finland

France

Georgia

Germany

Greece

Guatemala

Haiti

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Iran (Perzië)

Ireland

Italy

Japan

Korea

Latvia

Latvia

Liberia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Memel

Mexico

Monaco

Morocco

Netherlands
Also used in album 3

Newfoundland

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Norway

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Rhodesia

Romania

Russia

Samos

San Marino

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Thailand (Siam)

Tunisia

Turkey

United Kingdom

Ukraine

Uruguay

USA

Vatican

Venezuela

Yugoslavia

Album 3

  • Series name : Door steden en dorpen (Through cities and villages)
  • Date of issue : 1933
  • Number of cards : ? (album was never completed)
  • Image variants : ?

Silks issued

All silks are wide and black. No other colours or sizes are (yet) known to me).

The album also contained silks with portraits of famous Dutch people. These are not listed below.


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