Debrecen

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DEBRECEN

Province (county) : Hajdú-Bihar

Arms of Debrecen (címer, arms)
Official blazon
Hungarian blazon wanted
English blazon wanted

Origin/meaning

The arms were first granted on April 11, 1693 and re-adopted in 1989.

The oldest known seal of the city dates from the 16th century and shows the Paschal Lamb. Whether the city already used the lamb as aarms is not known, but in 1600 King Rudolf added the crest with the phoenix, its meaning is not known.

Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen

The image of the grant from 1600

In 1693 Emperor Leopold I made Debrecen a free Royal town and officially granted the arms. The palm tree and the sun were new elements to the grant. The palm symbolises the city which gains strength from the burdens, while the sun represents the divine providence guarding the town.

The arms were used until the 1950s, when the city adopted a more 'modern' communist logo, as shown below. Only in 1989 the old arms were restored.

Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen
Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen

The arms on a postcard
Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen

The arms in the Wappen-Sammlung (+/- 1910)
Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen

The arms as shown by Ströhl around 1900
Coat of arms (crest) of Debrecen

The arms as shown in the Abadie albums, 1930s

Use of arms in the city:

Debrecen3.jpg

The arms on a glass mosaic (source)
Debrecen4.jpg

The arms on a gate (source)
Debrecen5.jpg

The arms for the flower carnival (source)

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© since 1995, Heraldry of the World, Ralf Hartemink Ralf Hartemink arms.jpg
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Literature: Robert and Bela, 1975, http://www.nemzetijelkepek.hu; city images by Jolan Harsanyi