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Civic heraldry of Australia
State : New South Wales
The arms were officially adopted in 1996.
The new design is modern in concept, but acknowledges and builds on the history of Sydney and its Aboriginal inhabitants.
The crown and anchor - the working symbols of the city - are depicted on a central shield. The crown represents a city and the anchor a port. Above the crown and anchor are simplified versions of the arms of: Thomas Townshend (Margrave Sydney and British Home Secretary at the time of European settlement), after whom Sydney was named; Explorer Captain James Cook, superimposed on the naval flag of England, the St George Cross and Thomas Hughes, the first Lord Mayor of Sydney.
Together these represent the naming of "Sydney", the British contribution to the establishment of Sydney, and Sydney's emergence as a great city. The shield is flanked by a serpent and a coiled rope. The serpent bears the markings used by the Eora people, who lived in the area on which Sydney was founded, and represents the Rainbow Serpent, a creator-being said to have formed the landscape in the Dreamtime as it travelled through the country.
The maritime images of the rope and anchor signify the diverse cultural origins of Sydney's people, while the gentle entwining of the rope and serpent suggests cultural harmony.
Arms : Per Fesse Or and Azure, a three-masted Ship in full sail Argent, on a Chief between the arms of Townshend (viz.: Gules, a Chevron Ermine between three Escallops Argent, and a Crescent Or for difference) and the arms of Hughes (viz.: Gules, a Chevron between three Lions rampant Or, on a Chief arched Argent two Roses of the field, a Crescent Or for difference) a Pale Argent charged with a Cross Gules, thereon a Globe proper between two Estoiles of the first in pale.
Crest : On a Wreath of the Colours an Anchor erect ensigned by a Mullet of six points Gules and enfiled by a Civic Crown Or.
Supporters : On the dexter side an Aboriginal of Australia holding in his exterior hand a Native Spear, and on the sinister a Sailor of the 18th Century armed with a Cutlass and a brace of Pistols in his belt holding in the exterior hand a Boat Hook, all proper.
Motto: 'I Take But I Surrender'.
The arms were officially granted on July 30, 1908.
The upper part of the arms shows the arms of Sir Thomas Hughes, Captain James Cook and Margrave Thomas Townshend (see above), above a ship. The ship indicates the importance of the harbour for the city. It is also a symbol for the First Fleet, which anchored at Sydney. The supporters are an Aboriginal and a British sailor.
The arms on an early 20th century cigarette card
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